Malinuā/malinois

Dog Breeds

Malinuā/malinois

Postby karolīna » 13 Mar 2018, 13:07

LABDIEN VĒLOS JŪS IEPAZĪSTINĀT AR ŠO BRĪNIŠĶĪGO SUNI MALINUĀ
BRĪDINĀŠU KA TEKSTS BŪS ANGLISKI UN BEZ BILDĒM.

Belgian Malinois
Female Malinois 2005-01-29.jpg
Other names
(Chien de Berger Belge)
Mechelaar
Mechelse Herder
Mechelse Scheper
Pastor Belga Malinois
Origin
Belgium
Traits
Weight
Male
25–30 kg (55–66 lb)
Female
22–25 kg (49–55 lb)
Height
Male
61–66 cm (24–26 in)
Female
56–61 cm (22–24 in)
Coat
short
Color
fawn
mahogany
black
Life span
10–15 years
Classification / standards
FCI
Group 1, Section 1 Sheepdogs #015c
standard
AKC
Herding
standard
ANKC
Group 5 (Working Dogs)
standard
CKC
Group 7 (Herding Dogs)
standard
KC (UK)
Pastoral
standard
NZKC
Working
standard
UKC
Herding Dog
standard
Domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris)
The breed is used as a working dog for tasks including detection of odors such as explosives, accelerants (for arson investigation), and narcotics; tracking humans for suspect apprehension in police work; and search and rescue missions. The U.S. Secret Service uses Belgian Malinois to guard the grounds of the White House.[4]

Contents
Appearance
Coat and color
Size
Temperament
Working dog
Activities
Health
In popular culture
Literature
Television
Film
See also
References
Further reading
External links
Appearance Edit
The Malinois is a medium-to-large and square-proportioned dog in the sheepdog family. The Malinois has a short mahogany coat with black markings. It has black erect ears and a black muzzle. It has a square build in comparison to the German Shepherd.[2]

Coat and color Edit
Due to its history as a working dog (i.e., being bred for function over form), the Malinois can vary greatly in appearance. The acceptable colors of pure-bred Malinois are a base color fawn to mahogany and tan with a black mask and black ears with some degree of black tipping on the hairs, giving an overlay appearance. The color tends to be lighter with less black agouti or overlay on the dog's underside, breeching, and inner leg. White markings are also allowed on the tips of the toes and the chest. A Belgian malinois may have a longer and darker hair coat than the typical malinois, but may still be referred to as a Belgian malinois.

Female Belgian Mallinois 9-14-2017. JPG .jpg
The other varieties of Belgian Shepherd are distinguished by their coats and colors: the Tervuren is the same color as the Malinois but has long hair, the wire-coated Laekenois is fawn and lacks the black mask and ears, and the Groenendael (registered as Belgian Sheepdog by the American Kennel Club) has long hair and is solid black. When the Malinois was first bred, the four breeds would usually be cross bred, this would result in Malinois with longer hair, or even a darker coats. Today the four breeds are considered different breeds.

Size Edit
Males are about 61–66 cm (24–26 in), while females are about 56–61 cm (22–24 in) at the withers.[5] Female Malinois average 20–25 kg (44–55 lb); males are heavier at 25–30 kg (55–66 lb).


Temperament

A Malinois in the ring competing in dog agility
Well-raised and trained Malinois are usually active, intelligent,[6][7][8] friendly,[6] protective,[7] alert and hard-working. Belgian Malinois exhibit energy levels that are among the highest of all dog breeds. A typical Malinois will have puppy-like energy until the age of three, though it is not uncommon for them to exhibit this energy level until the age of five. Many have excessively high prey drive. Some may be excessively exuberant or playful, especially when young.[6][7]

They can be destructive or develop neurotic behaviors if not provided enough stimulation and exercise. This often causes problems for owners who are unfamiliar with the breed and are not prepared to provide the exercise they require or a job for them to do. They are medium-sized, strong dogs that require consistent obedience training, and enjoy being challenged with new tasks. They are known to be very easy to train, due to their high drive for rewards.[6][7]

Working dog Edit

A Belgian Malinois working with US Naval Security
In Belgium, Germany, the Netherlands and other European countries, as well as in the United States, Canada, Australia and Hong Kong, the Malinois is bred primarily as a working dog for personal protection, detection, police work, search and rescue, and sport work like Schutzhund. The United States Secret Service and Royal Australian Air Force[9] use the breed along with other working lines such as Dutch Shepherd, and also GSD.[10][11][12] In the United States Armed Forces, German shepherds lead the way, but close behind follows the Belgian Malinois.[13]

In India, The ITBP and National Security Guard (NSG) commando unit have inducted Malinois breed into its K-9 unit.[14] Rocket is a Belgian Malinois raised in India's National Security Guard's K-9 unit. As an expert assault and sniffer dog, he was recommended for the gallantry award in 2016, for detecting fidayeen presence in Pathankot airbase attack. During the operation, he received burn injuries on his paws and forehead. However, after treatment for weeks, he was back on duty.[15]

Malinois dogs are used by the Oketz, the K-9 unit of the Israel Defense Forces. Malinois are a suitable size to be picked up by their handlers when required, while still being large enough to control human aggressors. Compared to previously used breeds (such as German Shepherds and Rottweilers), the shorter coats and fair and neutral colors of Malinois are better adapted to natural conditions and less prone to induce heatstroke.[citation needed]

United States Navy SEALs used a Belgian Malinois war dog named Cairo in Operation Neptune Spear, in which Osama bin Laden was killed.[16][17][18]

On 18 November 2015, Diesel, a seven-year-old Malinois RAID assault dog employed by the French police, was killed in a shootout with suspected terrorists in the Saint-Denis area of Paris, while searching for suspects involved in the November 2015 Paris attacks.[19] The police dog was given a funeral with full honours.
Activities

A U.S. Air Force Belgian Malinois atop an M2A3 Bradley Fighting Vehicle in Iraq in 2007
Malinois can compete in dog agility trials and in flyball, herding, obedience, showmanship, and tracking events, and are one of the most popular breeds used in protection sports such as the Schutzhund. In America, herding is a popular activity.

Herding instincts can be measured at noncompetitive herding tests. In 2011 alone, the AKC awarded 39 new herding titles to Belgian Malinois.[21][22]

Health
The average lifespan of the Belgian Malinois is 10–12 years.[7] Notable health problems prevalent to the Malinois include cataracts,[8] epilepsy,[8][23] thyroid disease, progressive retinal atrophy, hip dysplasia,[7][8] and pannus, although these problems have been minimized[citation needed] through selective breeding.

JA JŪS GRIBAT APSKATĪTIES PAR MALINUĀ VAIRĀK ES BŪŠU SAITES UZRAKSTĪJUSI
SKATĪT LEJĀ

http://www.akc.org/dog-breeds/belgian-malinois/

http://www.sargs.lv/Zinas/Dienesta_gait ... 13-01.aspx.
karolīna
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